Covering materials, agricultural covering materials for flower beds, greenhouses and land used by farmers to protect plants and improve the productivity of agricultural lands. The concept of "agrotekstil" covers wide range of products. These include: fabric for shading and fencing in livestock, horticulture and for landscaping; covering materials and ground cover, mulching the soil and impeding the growth of weeds without herbicides; biodegradable fabrics from natural fibers for the reclamation of land in adverse weather conditions. At the present time is in agrotextile classification structure of technical textile products line item. Isolation of a particular group can be explained by the fact that these materials possess specific properties. They are not only extremely useful, but often, and are indispensable, not only in the agricultural sector as a whole, but also in private gardens. Currently, this area is used a lot of different materials, among which the most common received: plastic film; reinforced polyethylene film; air-bubble film; PVC film; nonwoven spunbond, best known material for covering greenhouses is a polyethylene film.
Its produced in rolls and sleeves, a 3, 4 and 6 meters. The thickness also varies from 0.03 to 0.4 mm. Film coating allows light, protects plants from wind and partially retains heat. Plants under its protection can tolerate freezing -2 to -7 degrees (this figure depends on the density of the film and the amount of greenhouses). But the film is air-and water-proof, under its shelter plants need regular watering and ventilation.