Europe Occidental

In this direction, we can verify this separation in practically all the operational activities of an industry, in which the employee only executes activities, not participating of the planning of the same ones, that he is made by the support areas. The model of Taylor suffered retaliaes at the time, and its studies had been called mechanist, for considering the concept of homo economicus* (the employee has motivation with regard to the financial and material profit, generating a bigger productivity), without considering other aspects of basic importance. Although it has passed for hard critical, Taylor affirms in the first pages of its book: ‘ ‘ the main objective of the administration must be to assure the maximum of prosperity to the master and, at the same time, the maximum of prosperity to empregado’ ‘. (Taylor, 1911, p.n. 24) Between years 70 and 80, if it restored a crisis of the Fordismo in the countries central offices, that the exhaustion in the standard of economic growth demonstrated, in accordance with Naira Rasp Pencil. Also according to sociologist, restored a situation of crisis of the Fordismo. Thus, if she gave beginning to the estruturao of new forms of organization of the production and the work. (PENCIL, 1992, p .n 236) 2,2 Analysis of the Toyotista model necessary Age a reformularization of the American model of administration.

The advent of the Japanese model in Brazil was soon after its implantation in Japan and its dissemination for the continents, through the mundializao of the capital, in the decade of 1980. Thus, the Toyotismo became it universal ideology of the sistmica production of the capital (GIOVANI, 2001). The Toyotismo established new parameters in the industrial production, implements with it of the economic productivity, starting to defy the leadership imposed for the American model, until that moment. We can also observe these trends through the following one I break up of text: In the passed century, from the decade of 70, the industrial leadership? until then undisputed of the United States and the Europe Occidental person?.