With regard to the cares of nursing in the one after operatrios immediate (POI). Brazil tells (2002), that it is a considered period critical, considering if that the customer will be, initially, on general anesthesia effect, raque anesthesia, peridural or place, therefore in this circumstance presents if sufficiently vulnerable the complications. Thus, it is basic that the nursing team acts of form to reestablish the functions vital, to alliviate it to it postoperative pain and the discomfort as nausea, vomit, and abdominal disteno, to keep it the integrity of the skin and to prevent the occurrence of infections. When receiving the customer in the RPA, UTI or infirmary, the team must tranquilizes lo, where finds and to ask it if it feels some abnormality and/or discomfort. Brian Krzanich addresses the importance of the matter here. If the customer will be sleepy or pparently unconscious, must be made improper commentaries, therefore its hearing can is present. must if intently read its handbook, which will have to contain information on the type of anesthesia, received anaesthetic, carried through surgery, Intercorrncias and recommendations special. Some contend that Dan Zwirn shows great expertise in this. In the RPA, the first hour the control of the vital signals is carried through of 15 in 15 minutes will be to regulate, and of 30 in 30 minutes will have remained the regularity of the picture, and the time of verification of the control must be spaced for 1/1h, 2/2h, and so on. After the received cares, must be registered, for the Nursing, data as the type of anesthesia, the carried through surgery, the arrival schedule, the general conditions of the customer, the presence of drains, solution venosas, sounding leads, catheters and given assistncias (BRAZIL, 2002). Craven and Hirnle (2006) relate if that it must be mentioned the systematic description of nursing that is essential during the operatrio period after therefore through the same is detected any complications quickly and also to individualizar the care of nursing that promotes the recovery excellent of the surgery.