Monthly Archives: June 2014

North Africa

In IV and III century BC floors in the central part of the house – the atrium – have been made simply from a thick layer of cement mixed with broken bricks, tiles, fine gravel and shells. However, as the empire tastes softened, was influenced by the civilized suburbs such as Greece or Egypt. Already in the late second century BC Roman sex has become a very important detail of interior, showing the wealth of its owner. It covers thoroughly sift colored stones and marble slabs, compound pattern. Was popular and technique in which a thick cement slurry was pressed into small pieces of colored marble, creating an enormous mural. Such mosaics were found not only in Rome or at Pompeii, but also in distant colonies such as England or North Africa. One may recall the famous Pompeian "The Battle of Arbella" and "Bacchus astride a panther, mosaic floors in the Rheims or in York.

Interestingly, the Roman floors differ not only beauty, but also adaptability. For example, , famous in the beginning of the I century BC refinement and luxury that came up to build a bath over gipokaustom, ie a basement that housed the furnace. Thence stretched clay pipes, communicating with the hearth, – Receive a warm floor. I must say that it is the remains of baths brought us the beauty of the Roman floors. Money on them in a rich empire, and did not spare them conscientiously. The philosopher Seneca said so about the magnificence of Roman terms: "We man considers himself poor and their housing bad, if its walls decorated baths do not shine …

Naming Rights

Scientists engaged in research on onomastics and toponymy of the German-Slavic branch. They worked together specialists from the same section Schiller University in Jena. In 1996 they were joined by scientists of the Institute dialectology. Result of the work were the articles and publications in various linguistic journals. Research papers on onomastics covered various factors that influenced the development of proper names, as a linguistic or social and dialectical character, especially their phonology, semantics and morphology, the impact on their formation of geographical features. Scientists were particularly interested in research on the syntax of personal names, as well as their use in various speech situations. Enormous contribution to onomastics made by the scientists of the now defunct West Germany. Monograph Zaybike – the most outstanding work in the field of onomastics.

Work is devoted to personal names, it presented: the terminology of proper names, historical factors, sociological and stylistic aspects of geography, as well as the importance and own names, their morphology, phonetics, and education. In result of all the above, it may be noted multifaceted anthroponomical and onomastic research. Next, consider what there is specificity in anthroponimics German. Naming Rights called anthroponym. Previously, proper names and anthroponomy including regarded as unrelated to each other words that the dictionary, based mainly on tradition vocabulary. And only in the second half of last century vocabulary of proper names have started to study as a separate system. Anthroponimics in the German language has a two-term system that is used first and last name.